Foundation of Human Skills│Understanding Human Nature

INTRODUCTION

Human skill refers to the ability to cooperate with other people. A person with good human skills is capable of expressing good self-awareness. He/she also has a high degree of capacity for understanding the feeling of others.

People who have good human skills interact well with others. They engage in productive communications, settle disagreements and conflicts well.

HUMAN BEHAVIOR: THEORETICAL CONCEPTS

An individual experiences human behavior throughout his/her entire lifetime. Human behavior reflects on different factors, such as social norms, genetics, core faith, and attitude. The individual’s behavior may be impacted by his/her certain traits.

Human behavior factors in the capacity of mental, emotional, social activities, and physical experiences accumulated during the five stages of a human being’s life. The five stages of a human life is about prenatal, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

These five stages of a human life include the behaviors as ordered by society, culture, morals, values, ethics, and genetics.

CONCEPT OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR: A BRIEF DISCUSSION

Social scientists find the following major psychological findings to describe the nature of human beings. They are as follows:

  1. Human Beings Are Biological Creature

An individual’s biological systems greatly influence his/her behavior. Our systems manage hunger and thirst. The nervous system controls emotions. Biological fitness puts limits on what an individual can withstand and what he/she is capable of doing.

  1. The Behavior of Every Person Is Different, Yet Much the Same in Many Aspects

Due to hereditary factors, every human being is unique and different. Of course, environmental factors play an important role. Despite these discrepancies, our capacity to think, feel, remember, and many more is much the same.

  1. Culture, Ethnic Identity and Gender Identity Make a Person Better Understood

People’s beliefs, behavior, attitudes are influenced by the culture. Moreover, ethnic groups, they belong to too shape people’s attitude. Our behavior is shaped by awareness of the gender to which we belong.

  1. Human Lives Undergo Changes Constantly

People change constantly from the time they are born up until they die due to their biological nature. Within this period of time, people experience hardships, felicity in life

Human Behavior: Factors Influencing Human Behavior

The way an individual deals with a situation alone or say in a group is influenced by numerous factors. The key factors influencing an individual’s approach in personal as well as social life are −

  • Abilities
  • Gender
  • Race and culture
  • Attribution
  • Perception
  • Attitude

Let’s learn these major elements in brief that influence a person’s behavior inside and outside of the organization.

Abilities

Abilities are the traits a person learns from the environment as well as the traits a person is inherited by birth.

These traits are classified as follows:

  • Intellectual abilities
  • Physical abilities
  • Self-awareness abilities

In order to appreciate how these influence a person’s behavior, we need to know what these abilities are.

Intellectual abilities − It represents a person’s intelligence, verbal, and analytical reasoning abilities, memory as well as verbal understanding.

Physical abilities − A person’s physical strength is covered by physical abilities. Stamina, body coordination as well as motor skills are part of physical abilities.

Self-awareness abilities − It includes how a person feels about the task, while a manager’s perception of his abilities decides the kind of work the individual is capable of handling.

Thus the psychological, physical, self-assurance traits owned by a person defines how the person will behave in social and personal life.

For example, Mark has a high IQ level, whereas John can lift a bike and is a strong guy.

Gender

The research concludes that men and women both stand equal in terms of job performance and mental abilities; however, society still factors in differences between the two genders. Absenteeism is one area in an organization where differences are found as women are considered to be the main caregiver for children. A factor that might manipulate work allocation and evaluation in an organization is the manager’s observation and personal values.

For example − An organization emphasizes that both genders work efficiently towards achieving the company’s goal and no special promotion or demotion is given or tolerated for any specific gender.

Race & Culture

A race is a group of people sharing similar physical characteristics. Race refers to types of persons according to perceived traits.

For example − Black, White.

On the other hand, culture refers to the traits, ideas, customs, and traditions one complies with either as a person or in a group.

For example − Celebrating a festival.

Race & culture have played an important role in both at the workplace as well as in the society. The common mistakes such as attributing behavior and stereotyping according to an individual’s race & culture influences an individual’s behavior.

Let’s consider a diverse work culture of late, the management as well as staff should learn and accept different cultures, values, and common protocols allow for more comfortable corporate culture.

For example − A company invites candidates to apply for a job post and selects future employees one on the basis of eligibility criteria and not on the basis of the country a person belongs to or the customs one follows.

Bottom Line

Now that you know the factors influencing human behavior, you will find out why we behave in certain ways. These are all important elements that we usually ignore, however they form our very behavior and our interactions with the surroundings.

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